Tensions are high in Oka, Quebec today after the mayor of the small village made controversial comments that some have called racist. Now, some members of the Mohawk Nation have expelled journalists and are assembling near route 344, the road connecting Kanesatake and Oka.\nThis week, land developers decided to give back the disputed territory that was at the heart of the Oka Crisis in 1990. Some 60 hectares of ancestral land known as "The Pines" is being given back to the Mohawk Nation as part of a reconciliation gift from the federal government.\nThe Oka Crisis in 1990 was a complex and damaging land dispute over a proposal to build a golf course on Native land. At the height of the tensions, gunfire erupted between Indigenous peoples and SQ officers, killing one police officer. The stand-off lasted 78-days.\nAlanis Obomsawin's incredible documentary on the Oka Crisis is a must-watch if you want to know more about this dark time in Quebec's history. Find it here (free to watch).\nThe Assembly of First Nations in Quebec and Labrador called for calm this afternoon after tensions began to mount between Kanesatake and the mayor of Oka. In an official statement, Chief Ghislain Picard appealed for all parties to have a dialogue before raising the risk of another Oka Crisis.\nThe situation in Oka is ridiculously alarming. The mayor is whipping up a racist frenzy and threatening a new Oka crisis in an effort to prevent a private landowner from returning to Kanesatake land that should always have been theirs. Not. Okay.— Evie (@EvieGHJ) July 18, 2019\nAccording to CBC News, Chief of the Mohawk community of Kanesatake has asked the mayor to apologize for his "hate-filled" remarks.\nOka Mayor Pascal Quevillon said that his community will be at risk of being "swallowed by Kanesatake", according to Global News.\nHe further went on to say that no one would want to visit Oka once the Mohawk Nation installs "pot shacks" at the entrance and exit of Oka. Even more, he said that Mohawk land is a "place of cigarette merchants, garbage dumps, and contaminated water," according to La Presse (translation is our own).\nView this post on Instagram On July 11, 1990, long-simmering tensions between the Mohawk community at Kanesatake and the town of Oka turned deadly. “The violence began around dawn when a squad of about 100 provincial police officers moved in to clear a barricade on a dirt road through a piece of woodland the Mohawks claim as their own. The Mohawks have had barricades on the road since March, and the town of Oka had called in the police,” we reported the next day. The dispute involved the town’s plan to expand a golf course onto the land in question. “Officers drove natives away from the barricade with tear gas and concussion grenades at about 8:30 a.m., but gunfire erupted after police had moved in to remove the dirt mounds and cement blocks. In the exchange of gunfire, Cpl. Marcel Lemay, 31, was fatally shot. Police and native versions of the conflict varied sharply, each accusing the other of firing first,” we wrote. After the shooting, the Sûreté du Québec retreated, and the Mohawk Warriors used the abandoned vehicles to fortify their positions. John Kenney’s now-iconic photo of an armed Warrior Society member atop an overturned SQ van appeared on Page 1 of the Montreal Gazette on July 12. Meanwhile, the SQ had set up a blockade on Highway 344 to try to prevent the arrival of Mohawk reinforcements, we reported. In solidarity, Mohawks in Kahnawake shut down the Mercier Bridge; Warriors there were threatening to blow up the structure. The bridge stayed closed until almost the end of August, to the frustration of South Shore commuters. In Kanesatake, the standoff continued, finally ending on Sept. 26. A post shared by Montreal Gazette (@montrealgazette) on Jul 11, 2019 at 12:33pm PDT\nAccording to reports, Quevillion doesn't want another Oka Crisis to happen, but if it does, it will be the residents of Oka rising up against the Mohawk Nation - a claim that citizens of Oka say doesn't match reality.\nThough the land developers already agreed to give back the ancestral land to the Kanesatake Nation, the mayor's comments exacerbated generations worth of tension between Mohawks and Quebecers.\nView this post on Instagram If you don't know or are too young to remember the Oka Crisis, or maybe it's just been a while since you thought about it - I urge you to watch the documentary, ‘Kanehsatake: 270 Years of Resistance’ (viewable for free on YouTube). Thanks to guerrilla journalists who crawled through barbed wire to capture the brutality of the Canadian government on the Mohawk people of Quebec in the 1990's, we have documentation of what went down. This was a vicious war that the Canadian government wanted no record of. One that new generations of Canadians need to know about in order to make decisions, draw parallels, and certainly never feel disconnected. Watch this and that's it - you're connected. You will understand why all subsequent battles are as urgent, emotionally charged and necessary as those 78 days in 1990. #okacrisis #quebec #canada #mohawk #mohawknation #kanehsatake #canadianhistory #neverforget @justinpjtrudeau A post shared by Juliana Moore (@julesywulesy) on Jan 14, 2019 at 9:48am PST\nAccording to reports from TVA Nouvelles, members of the Mohawk Nation are setting up along roads and expelled the journalists that were on-site. This could be the beginning of something bigger, but everyone is hoping that things come to a reasonable conclusion.\nView this post on Instagram As the Oka Crisis continued to simmer between the native Mohawk people and the Canadian town of Oka, Quebec: this image captured by photographer Shaney Komulainen on September 1st 1990 depicts Private Patrick Cloutier of the Canadian Army's Royal 22nd Regiment (left) with the Anishinaabe Warrior and University of Saskatchewan economics student Brad Larocque (right) as they stare each other down during the later days of the crisis which originally began over a dispute between a golf course's expansion onto land that the Mohawk claimed as their own. The incident between the Mohawk and the Canadian government lasted for a total of seventy-eight days and resulted in two fatalities, and the dispute itself is the first well-publicized violent conflict between the Canadian government and the people of the First Nations in the late 20th century. The golf course was ultimately not expanded after the Canadian government bought the land for $5.3 million dollars, whereas a national First Nation Policing Policy was created to try and prevent similar incidents in the future. ____________________________ #modernera #1990s #1990 #okacrisis #quebec #canada #canadian #canadianarmy #firstnations #mohawk #nativeamerican #nativeamericanhistory #canadianhistory #war #history #historical #historic #warhistory #historiansunion #united_historians #warphotography #warphotos #combat #soldiers #historybuff #historynerd #youcannotcensorhistory #stopcensoringopposingviews A post shared by "scientia potentia est." (@the_amateur_historian) on Feb 15, 2019 at 4:28pm PST\nREAD ALSO: "Disgusting" Video Of RCMP Officer Interrogating Sexual Assault Victim Has Canadians Completely Outraged\nThe Oka Crisis in 1990 successfully stopped the expansion of the golf course, but the land has been disputed ever since. Though not legally binding, the land belongs to the Kanesatake people once again after developers gifted it back to them last week.\nThis is a complex and on-going situation. It's difficult to comment on the exact details and what will happen moving forward, but we will keep you updated the best we can.\nFor context, territorial disputes between First Nations and European settlers in Oka have been happening since the 1700s after New France built a seminary without permission.