An explosive new report from 3 independent scholars found that "systemic racial bias" persists among the Montreal police force. \nVisible minorities are many times more likely to be stopped by police than white people, the report states.\nThe Montreal police chief has promised to take action to address the issue.\nVisit MTLBlog for more headlines.\nA report from three independent Montreal researchers has revealed a staggering systemic bias in the SPVM. The report indicates that some visible minorities are 2 to 5 times more likely to be stopped or arrested.\nConducted by Victor Armony at the UQAM sociology department, Mariam Hassaoui of Université TELUQ and Massimiliano Mulone of the Université de Montréal’s school of criminology, the report doesn't say that the SPVM racially profiles people, but says black people, Arab people, and Indigenous people are victims of a "systemic racial bias," according to Radio-Canada.\nThe report found that arrests increased by 143% between 2014 and 2017. Arrests against minorities, in particular, increased exponentially during this period. The report mentions that the black population is "disproportionately challenged" by police in Montreal.\nAccording to Global News, Indigenous women are one of the most targeted groups. They are 11 times more likely to be stopped than white women.\nThe report concluded with five recommendations for the SPVM. Among them: to implement a policy on how officers question people.\nSPVM police chief Sylvain Caron said he was "very concerned" by these results, according to reports, and pledged to take action.\nThis is not the first time the issue of bias among SPVM officers has received widespread attention.\nLast month, a Quebec judge approved a class-action lawsuit against the city of Montreal and the SPVM in response to an alleged racial profiling case in 2017.\nIn August, a man was fined nearly $500 by the SPVM for what the Center for Research-Action on Race Relations (CRARR) called "cleaning while black."\n#SPVM police chief Sylvain Caron says he’s very concerned and surprised with report showing racial profiling among police officers. Chief says he will be meeting with members of police force as of tomorrow. pic.twitter.com/iLxRODusPH— Tim Sargeant (@tfsargeant) October 7, 2019\nIn lieu of concrete policy, the SPVM endorses a mandate from the Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse du Québec. "The SPVM stipulates that the services provided by the entire staff in all interactions with citizens be free from racial profiling," says the SPVM website.\nA report investigating Montreal police street checks of racialized people was just released. It finds: - Indigenous women were 11x more likely to be stopped by police than white women- Young Arab people (15-24) were 4x more likely than white people of the same age to be stopped pic.twitter.com/LBqDDJv485— Jaela Bernstien (@jbernstien) October 7, 2019\nA report from CBC News states that while "one out of three" Montrealers identifies as a visible minority, less than 8% of the SPVM force is non-white.\nREAD ALSO: The Montreal Metro Now Has Anti-Sexual Harassment Posters (Photos)\nPeople of Arab origin, black people and Indigenous people are between two and five times more likely to be stopped by police, says Global News, summarizing the report.\nIndigenous people make up only 0.6 percent of the population of Montreal (so an even smaller percentage of this are Indigenous women) https://t.co/Dr8dMVFOj2— Nukaq (@Nukaq) October 7, 2019\nIn 2016, visible minorities made up 34.2% of the population of Montreal. Though the SPVM has clear problems with representation and disproportionately detains visible minorities, the report didn't use the term racial profiling.\nMontreal Mayor Valerie Plante calls the report “very worrisome.” “We can see that there is clearly a fundamental problem that leads to systemic discrimination.” She calls on police force to follow all recommendations in the report pic.twitter.com/xUSAl0owfA— Jaela Bernstien (@jbernstien) October 7, 2019\nThe report concluded with five recommendations for the SPVM:\nTo adopt a policy on questioning;\n\n\nTo publish an annual public report on statistics and treatment of minorities;\n\n\nTo develop procedures against racial profiling;\n\n\nTo integrate the issue of racial profiling in all training, plans, programs, and the like;\n\n\nTo integrate training against systemic bias in all police training.\n#SPVM wants to work with authors of study on racial profiling and eliminate problems of discrimination. Police force plans to install new measures in place and follow the five recommendations made by report’s authors. pic.twitter.com/ttooapqbnZ— Tim Sargeant (@tfsargeant) October 7, 2019\nThe full report (in French only) is available on the SPVM's website.