Though pervasive racism marks every aspect of the American economy, Canada, too, is plagued by institutional racism.\nDespite our reputation as an egalitarian society, especially in contrast to our southern neighbour, "Canada remains a nation where a person’s colour, religion, culture or ethnic origin are determinants of health that result in inequities in social inclusion, economic outcomes, personal health, and access to and quality of health and social services," according to a 2018 report from the Public Health Association.\nResearchers came to this conclusion after analyzing data from 97 different field experiments in Sweden, Norway, Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Germany, England, the United States, and Canada. Racial discrimination levels were the highest in France and Sweden.\nDiscriminatory hiring practices, in fact, were found to be significant and pervasive in every single country researched.\nResearchers say to keep in mind that the nine countries studies were the only ones that matched the outlined criteria for inquiry. To be included, countries needed to have at least three completed, in-depth field experiments about discriminatory hiring.\nThe study notes that France has the highest discrimination rates, followed by Sweden. They found smaller differences among Great Britain, Canada, Belgium, the Netherlands, Norway, the United States, and Germany.\nThey collected data from over 200,000 fictitious job applications, categorizing each by visible minorities and "white-sounding" names. Shockingly, Canada discriminates 11% more than the U.S. does.\nView this post on Instagram Trade between Canada & the US supports millions of good, middle class jobs on both sides of the border. I’m at the White House today to work with @realdonaldtrump on increasing trade and moving forward with the new NAFTA. 🇨🇦🇺🇸 Le commerce entre le Canada et les États-Unis soutient des millions de bons emplois pour la classe moyenne des deux côtés de la frontière. Je suis à la Maison-Blanche aujourd'hui pour travailler avec @realdonaldtrump à accroître le commerce et à faire progresser le nouvel ALENA. A post shared by Justin Trudeau (@justinpjtrudeau) on Jun 20, 2019 at 12:18pm PDT\nResearchers also note that the countries studied are under inquiry because they implement the most proactive anti-discrimination hiring laws. This means that even though the numbers indicate one thing, the reality could be totally different.\nREAD ALSO: Canadian Passport Ranked The #4 Most Powerful In The World\nIt would be a tough sell for most Canadians, but the numbers indicate that we have more than a few discrimination problems to deal with.\nThough, there is a margin of error when it comes to studies like these. Discrimination levels will vary from region and occupation. Asian-Canadians, for example, will experience discrimination in job applications because they tend to apply to managerial positions, according to the study.\nView this post on Instagram The US tariffs on Canadian steel and aluminum have now been removed. We never backed down, and got this done for Canadian workers and their families – and we’ll always have your back so you can keep our economy strong & growing across the country. 🇨🇦 A post shared by Justin Trudeau (@justinpjtrudeau) on May 17, 2019 at 1:21pm PDT\nIn fact, critics are quick to point out that discrimination in Canada happens at a higher level due to people's associations with ethnicities in a workplace, according to Global News.\nDespite a possible skew in the numbers, Canada still has a lot of work to do. According to Dr. Eddy Ng at Dalhousie University, Canada needs to update its Employment Equity Act - a law that hasn't been reviewed since 1995.\nView this post on Instagram Last night we kicked off our 2019 town hall tour in Kamloops with some thoughtful questions and conversations about the things that matter most to you. No filter, no pre-screened questions. Get the link to watch in my story. We’re off to Regina for another one tonight! 🇨🇦 Hier soir, nous avons donné le coup d’envoi de notre tournée d’assemblées publiques de 2019 à Kamloops avec des questions et des conversations réfléchies sur les enjeux les plus importants pour vous. Aucun filtre, aucune question choisie à l’avance. Cliquez sur le lien pour la voir dans ma story. Nous partons à Regina pour tenir une autre assemblée ce soir! A post shared by Justin Trudeau (@justinpjtrudeau) on Jan 10, 2019 at 11:52am PST\nWill Canada update and review its employment discrimination policies before it potentially gets worse? Only time will tell.\nIn the meantime, Canada is still one of the most progressive nations in the world and just last year, the country settled more refugees than anywhere else.\nFor more information about discriminatory hiring practices in Canada, please read this article from Global News. To read the full study on global hiring discrimination, click here.