It's official — 2021 was the hottest year on record for Montreal, according to Environment Canada. It beat out the previous hottest years, 1998 and 2012, by a mean few hundredths of a degree.
This rise in temperature in Montreal is attributed to new weather patterns, causing scorching temperatures in June, August, September and October. "August and October were record-breaking months," said Environment Canada spokesperson Simon Legault.
"We were lucky that July was below normal because if it hadn't happened that way, [...] we would have shattered the record instead of just breaking it," he added.
A few hundredths of a degree may not sound like such a big problem, but temperatures in Montreal (and around the world) have been steadily rising.
The average annual temperature in Montreal from 1951 to 1980 was 6.5ºC, according to ClimateData.ca. Last year's mean temperature came in at a whopping 8.6ºC. This drastic increase in fortyish years has already begun to show its effects — not just on our electrical bills in the summer, but also the health of the population, the Climate Action Network says.
Whether or not 2022 will be even hotter remains anyone's guess. Projections for an area as small as Southern Quebec can only be made a few weeks in advance.
What we do know is that February and March should be significantly warmer than January.
"A few short intense waves of cold are coming in," Legault said of January, adding that February and March are expected to be "close to or above normal temperatures."
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Cold winters in Montreal are inevitable but dry winter skin is not. By changing your skincare regimen and using the right products, you can keep your skin looking soft and smooth all season long.
Shoppers Drug Mart is full of effective and inexpensive products that can keep your skin hydrated and moisturized to the max. There are over 400 beauty brands to choose from to help you build a routine that suits your specific needs. From Cerave to La Roche Posay, Olay, Bioderma, Versed, and so many more!
The great thing about shopping there is that you can use your PC Optimum™ card to score tons of points that you can put towards your next purchase. You can redeem $10 for every 10,000 points you earn.
Let's say your biggest skincare concern is redness caused by rosacea or eczema. At Shoppers Drug Mart, you can find gentle, non-irritating products that won't break the bank, like this UriageRoséliane Anti-redness Cream for $28.
If you're still suffering from acne through the winter, the Cocokind Turmeric Tonic Spot Treatment for $14.99 is a good product to have in your beauty cabinet. It's a leave-on spot treatment that can help zap zits overnight.
Besides drinking water and investing in a humidifier (which you can also find at Shoppers Drug Mart), there are other ways to keep your skin hydrated and protected against the cold.
If you notice your skin's complexion is dull and lacking radiance, you can apply a few drops of Indeed Laboratories Vitamin C Brightening Drops after cleansing and before moisturizing. It costs $19.99 and you can earn 285 PC Optimum™ points with your order.
You can also try one of the newer brands at Shoppers Drug Mart called Florence Mills. The Mind Glowing Peel Off Mask for $29 will help you reset your skin after a long week, leaving you with a radiant complexion.
Some of us tend to get dry, flaky skin around our eyelids and under-eye area which is never cute. But there are a few effective ways of treating the condition after a quick trip to the drugstore.
You can buy a velvety rich cream like the Versed Zero-G Smoothing Eye Cream for $23.99. This one's loaded with smoothing algae extract, firming peptides and ethically-sourced mica so the sensitive skin around your eyes stays hydrated and younger-looking at the same time. We love a multi-tasker!
The CeraVe Hydrating Cleanser With Hyaluronic Acid is a massive fan-favourite and it's only $17.99. It's a non-foaming lotion that gently removes dirt and oil while keeping your skin super hydrated, especially during cold weather season.
With the holidays around the corner, everyone is super slammed with work and family and there's little time left for personal shopping. The Shoppers Drug Mart website makes it quick and easy to shop for products by concern, so you get what you need faster. Whether it's fine lines, redness, dark circles or dryness, you can filter through different concerns to find the product that's right for you.
You can even filter through different brands, formulas, skin types and ratings which is a huge time-saver. Now that your skin looks amazing, you can get back to doing all your favourite winter activities feeling comfortable and confident.
It's not like it's never snowed here in April before. But after a number of 20-degree days (or warmer), we're simply not having it. As we looked up at the sky and cursed the heavens, asking, "Why the f*** is this happening?" we decided it would be more productive to ask actual experts the same question.
Why is it snowing when we've been seeing temperatures above 20 degrees lately?
Dr. Djordje Romanic, a professor of atmospheric sciences at McGill University, gave us an explanation from a scientific perspective.
Basically, it's all because of "a mid-latitude cyclone" in the northeast United States so you can blame New Hampshire and Massachusetts.
As the cyclone spins counterclockwise, it's lifting warm and moist air from the western Atlantic above dry and cold polar air from the north.
"It happened that the temperature profile in these two air masses is just the right [one] to form snow instead of rain," he said.
Can we chalk it up to global warming?
Dr. Romanic told us it's "not scientific" to say a particular event is due to global warming. Rather, we'd have to look at the frequency and severity of those types of events over time.
"We can never say that 'this or that particular event is caused by global warming.' Why not? Because we cannot go back some 200 years, undo all CO2 emissions, and see if we will have snow on 21 April 2021," he said.
How does this snowfall fit into Montreal's weather history?
Dr. Romanic said that on May 9, 1983, there was a snowfall of around 5 cm in Montreal and that on April 1, 1993, there was a snowfall of around 28 cm.
"It is not extreme in terms of it never happened before. On the other hand, such weather conditions are very unlikely and can be considered as an anomaly that is not observed on the yearly basis," Dr. Romanic said.
According to Paul Walker, senior meteorologist for AccuWeather, "April is often a month of big weather swings."
He said it's "not unheard of" to have high temperatures around 16 C to 20 C followed by a cold turn, leading to some snow several or a few days later.
Based on the 30-year average of Montreal weather, he said it typically snows 3.2 days in April with an average of 5.1 inches or 13 inches falling during the whole month.
"The season's last snowfall typically happens in April," he said.
What are the chances of it snowing in May?
Walker said a late snowfall happens in May about once in a decade.