The city's Magnolia trees tend to bloom in May. However, Dr. David Wees, who teaches plant science at McGill University, told us that due to Montreal's recent streak of warm weather, he suspects "most flowers will bloom at least a week earlier than usual" this year.
All women enrolled in a full-time university program in computer science, computer engineering and construction, and electrical, electronic and communications engineering will be eligible for a $3,000 scholarship each year for up to four years — by the end of their studies, this would total $12,000.
"These were not cute storybook Eric Carle's 'hungry caterpillar' but rather something out of a horror movie," she said. "One or two would be sweet but to see each tree coated with these critters made us uneasy."
Experts told MTL Blog the bugs are most likely LDD moth (Lymantria dispar dispar) caterpillars, an invasive species that has been defoliating trees and pooping everywhere across Quebec, Ontario and the northeastern United States this year.
The moths, commonly known as "gypsy moths," were first brought to North America in 1869 by French artist Étienne Trouvelot, according to an online resource from the University of Wisconsin.
Without "many natural enemies," the moths were able to expand beyond Trouvelot's suburban Boston backyard to become "one of the most important insect pests of forest and shade trees in the eastern United States," the university explains.
McGill university insect pathologist Dr. Gary Dunphy told MTL Blog that, due to the natural ebb and flow of the population, LDD moth outbreaks occur every seven to 10 years.
They like trees such as oak, white pine, white spruce and birch, according to a fact sheet from the Invasive Species Centre.
Also, the caterpillars' tiny bodies are covered in hairs, called setae, which can cause a rash "somewhat like poison ivy," in some people, though it can be treated with antihistamines and over-the-counter medication, said Dunphy.
"The setae or hairs of the insets may elicit rashes several months after the larvae are gone, the hairs being entrapped in tree bark," he said.
They also poop everywhere and their feces, known as frass, makes an audible sound as it falls like rain, covering outdoor furniture, clothes and hair.
Like all LDD moth outbreaks, this year's problem will take care of itself as fungal and viral infections reduce their population, entomologist Gard Otis told MTL Blog.
"But we don't know what next year will bring," he said. "We don't know if the virus is going to sweep through this year and kill them. Or if we're going to have another high number next year before the virus takes them down."
Some communities spray a bacterial insecticide called BTK to control the pests, which "though totally harmless to your pets, to your children, and to yourself," can harm the food chain as it kills all moth and butterfly species.
"That's the insects that provide all the food for your little baby birds," said Otis. "Most of the songbirds here are feeding their young with caterpillars. So, what are they going to feed on?"
He said a more environmentally-friendly defence involves wrapping a burlap sack around the trunk of any tree in need of protection.
"What happens is the caterpillars crawl down out of the tree and rest on the trunk in the daytime. And they like to hide so they hide in the burlap and then you just shake them off into soapy water and that kills him," said Otis.
"So, if you have a few trees that you're worried about, you could do that and cut the infestation back to the point where it's not going to seriously harm them."
As for the caterpillars' long-term effect on the trees, themselves, Otis suggested that repeated visits can cause some damage.
"You have too many gypsy moths for too many years, a few trees will die, but most of them will bounce back."
In its Instagram post, the shop said Frank & Oak "[continued] to promote this shirt on [its] Instagram page even after we had expressed our disagreement."
The family-run flower shop is a beloved Mile End spot with its signature colourful storefront and iconic owner, Tamey.
"Larger businesses that use small local businesses, like ours, to further their own agendas while ignoring the wishes of communities is not something we choose to align ourselves with," the Instagram post continued.
Dragon Flowers said it was "this lack of respect for our voice and space" that led it to write to its followers on Instagram.
Five proposed or underway rail projects are set to transform Montreal's metro map from Pointe-aux-Trembles to the West Island.
The interactive map below shows what it could all look like if all extensions and new lines were completed as they're currently proposed.
Click on the little arrow icon in the top left of the map to view the menu and toggle between individual transit projects.
Note that all routes are approximate. Moreover, because the REM de l'Est, tram to Lachine and western extension of the orange line are either still in their early planning stages or just preliminary proposals, their courses on this map do not represent finalized concepts.
Rather, they're meant to give you a general idea of the neighbourhoods they're intended to serve.
The REM de l'Est is still undergoing consultation and there's debate about what course it should take. The route on this map is roughly based on a map that can be found online.
In January 2021, the borough of Lachine released a number of route proposals for the tram that would link it to the Sud-Ouest. This map's pink line is just one such proposal.
The City of Montreal began advocating for this two-station extension of the orange line to Bois-Franc in February 2020.