A new study done by the Canadian Femicide Observatory for Justice and Accountability (CFOJA) has highlighted the ongoing issue of, what they are calling, Femicide in Canada.
Within the report, the CFOJA notes the provinces in Canada that have the highest rate of femicide as well as the recurring circumstances of murdered women, be it relational, geographical, or racial.
TL;DR Based on a recent study done on Femicide in Canada, women run the highest risk of violence in rural areas, particularly in Ontario, Alberta, and Quebec. Moreover, nearly half of the women murdered in 2018 were killed in their own homes, 53% at the hand of someone they were in a relationship with. Details below.
one of the billion reasons we need feminism: "Woman or girl murdered every 2.5 days on average in Canada during 2018: femicide report" https://t.co/cfk9ZqJi4m— Sally Guy (@sallyguy) January 30, 2019
The study was a response to a call for action from the United Nations, which has long recognized the global issue of the gender-related murder of women.
Ontario ranked the worst in terms of the number of homicides in general.
Of the 148 women who were violently killed in Canada this past year, 65 of them were killed in Ontario.
In Alberta, there were 20 cases of femicide, followed by 13 cases in Quebec.
There were no documented murders of women or girls in Newfoundland & Labrador, the Northwest Territories, or Prince Edward Island.
Ontario's numbers included the van attack that killed eight women after a man drove a vehicle into a crowd last April in Toronto.
While Toronto's homicide rate is one of the highest in the country, many of the murders considered in the Femicide study were in fact in rural areas outside the metropolis.
In fact, according to the study, 34% of the women and girls were killed in rural areas, despite only 16% of the population of Canada living in rural area.
The breakdown of rural and non-rural homicides ended up being a nearly even split with 41% of the murders happened in "non-urban" areas. This is seen in the map above, which shows there were many murders in the GTA but not necessarily in the downtown of Toronto.
That means only 59% of the cases were in "urban areas" or cities, despite more than 80% of the Canadian population residing in "urban" areas.
Even more frightening, 53% of the alleged killers were in a relationship with the victim and nearly half (48%) of the women and girls were killed in their own home.
While reading the Femicide report, I noticed there’s a section on @StatCan_eng has lots of infographics about violence against mentally disabled, LGBTQ and women. Great resources: https://t.co/OCNTaFSjmh— Lily Tse (@tigerlilytse) January 30, 2019
Of the cases studied, 13% of victims were killed by a male member of their family.
This heightened danger in non-urban areas is largely due to a lack of resources for women that are in abusive or violent relationships, be they romantic or familial.
In an interview with Radio Canada, social justice activist Julie Lalonde noted that government funding for women's shelters and sexual assault centres is allocated in Ontario based on the population of a region.
Because rural areas are significantly less populated, they receive less funding. The notion is that smaller populations have fewer needs.
However, rural areas pose other difficulties. In fact, the sparseness of these communities is exactly what necessitates more resources.
In communities where there is no public transit and emergency services have further to travel, women are inevitably at a higher risk.
These rural communities also include reservations which are even further removed.
Aboriginal women and girls made up 36% of the victims, though they make up only 5% of the population.