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It started with a local TikTok video. Responding to a call to "Tell me you're Jewish without telling me you're Jewish," a Quebec TikToker says, "I'm not Jewish but I'd like to adopt one. I even made a bed so they can feel at home." The camera follows him to the so-called bed: his oven.
Is there really that much anti-Semitic content on TikTok?
Lieberman said she convinced the Quebecer who posted the video to remove it and the SPVM confirmed that police were investigating — but it was only the tip of the iceberg.
After her post about the video went viral — garnering over 13,000 likes and 500,000 views — she said people began sending her the anti-Semitic content they encountered on social media. She said she gets upwards of 10 messages a day.
She added that as she entered "the space," similar videos began popping up on her TikTok feed due to its algorithm.
"As I continued, I saw more and more heartbreaking videos [...] They're belittling and making a mockery out of [one of] the biggest mass murder[s] in the world," said Lieberman, who's the granddaughter of Holocaust survivors and who has visited the sites of former concentration camps.
"I saw these things with my own eyes. I walked through the camp. I saw the gas chambers."
Lieberman has started sharing the anti-Semitic content she receives on Instagram in order to raise awareness.
As an example, Lieberman showed MTL Blog a TikTok titled "pov: when you walk into the shower in 1940." In it, a man enters a room and looks around suspiciously as a sound from the game Minecraft plays — this sound indicates points players receive when deaths occur.
The comments section contains numerous Holocaust jokes. At the time this was published, the video had been up for one week.
"The problem is TikTok is shaping the minds of the younger generation," Lieberman said.
How has TikTok responded?
A TikTok spokesperson sent MTL Blog this statement:
"There is no place for antisemitism on our platform or off it. TikTok's mission is to inspire creativity and bring joy and we do not tolerate content that promotes hateful behaviour. We are committed to promoting a safe community environment and remove content that violates our Community Guidelines."
TikTok's Community Guidelines ask users not to post, upload, stream or share "hateful content related to an individual or group," and it specifically condemns attacks based on ethnicity.
According to TikTok's 2020 transparency report, 93.5% of videos that violated community guidelines were removed within 24 hours of being posted — and 92.4% were removed before a user reported them.
TikTok also launched a new tool that allows creators to approve and filter all comments.
But Lieberman told us these measures aren't working effectively enough.
"So many people reported these videos [that] never got taken down," she said.
"It takes months sometimes to get them off."
What more can be done?
Lieberman said she wants TikTok to explicitly add "no anti-Semitism" and "no Holocaust jokes" to its guidelines.
Yakobi, who works as an account manager at an IT company, said she's well-versed in the tools tech companies can invest in to quickly flag and remove hateful content, such as "digital fingerprinting."
Both women said they believe the reason for this influx of anti-Semitic content is a lack of education.
"[If] one TikToker posted it... the rest have to post it," Lieberman said.
"Because of the lack of education, it's easy to jump on [to trends]. I guarantee you maybe half of the people that are posting don't even know what happened in the Holocaust," Yakobi added.
The women are working to dilute anti-Semitic content with educational content.
Lieberman partnered with The Foundation for Genocide Education to interview a Holocaust survivor on Instagram live, which included his reaction to the initial TikTok video.
The women also started a "TAKE A STAND AGAINST ANTISEMITISM" room on Clubhouse where they plan to hold weekly events, including panel discussions and Q&As — and everyone is welcome, especially non-Jewish people looking to learn.
"Soon, there are going to be no more Holocaust survivors living [...] And history repeats itself," Lieberman said.
"We have to speak for those who can speak anymore. For those who never had the chance to speak because they were murdered in the Holocaust."
Yakobi continued, "And one of the biggest weapons right now is the digital world. It can be used for the greater good or it can be used for [the opposite]."