Other than essential travel such as "work, health care services, transportation and delivery of goods and services or exercising Aboriginal or treaty rights," Quebecers won't be allowed to enter Ontario.
According to the Ontario Provincial Police, "every person entering Ontario from Quebec at any point along the border shall stop when instructed to do so by an enforcement official."
Ontario Regulation 293/21 also states that "the person entering Ontario shall provide any available identification or documentation requested by the enforcement official and answer any questions asked by the enforcement official to determine whether the person is complying."
What is considered "essential travel?"
Ontario has provided an extensive list of what is considered "essential travel" under this new mandate.
These exceptions include:
the person’s principal residence is in Ontario;
the person is moving to Ontario in order to make their principal residence in Ontario;
the person is travelling through Ontario without unnecessary stops to reach their principal residence in another jurisdiction;
the person is travelling into or through Ontario by means of an international or interprovincial bus, train, ferry, or flight;
the person is travelling to perform work in Ontario;
the person is transporting goods into or through Ontario as part of the operation of a business that involves the transportation of goods;
the person’s health makes it necessary to travel into Ontario to obtain health care or social services;
the person is travelling in a vehicle that is transporting or that will transport a person in Ontario to or from a hospital or health care facility in Manitoba or Quebec;
the person is being transported from a hospital or health care facility in Manitoba or Quebec, whether by ambulance or by any other means;
the person must enter Ontario to exercise custody or access rights contained in an agreement;
the person must enter Ontario to comply with an order contained in a decision or judgment of a court or tribunal, or as otherwise required by law;
the person is travelling into Ontario for the purpose of exercising an Aboriginal or treaty right as recognized and affirmed by section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982;
travel for the purpose of, preventing injury or illness to persons, preventing damage to property, or performing a necessary action to respond to the critical incident;
if the travel is necessary for a humanitarian or compassionate reason, such as, providing care or services to a person who requires them due to their state of health, attending on a person who is dying, or attending a funeral.
What did the governments have to say about it?
On Friday, Quebec deputy premier Geneviève Guilbault wrote on Twitter that "the propagation of variants must be limited" and that closing the border is "a matter of security."
Ontario Premier Doug Ford said that Ontario wants to "get ahead of the variants that are plaguing western Canada."
On April 18, Ontario reported 4,250 new COVID-19 cases, 2,906 more cases than Quebec reported on the same day.
Will I be fined or arrested if I try to get into Ontario without an "essential" reason?
There are no hard rules about this as the OPP will be patrolling the border and turning away anyone who doesn't comply with the rules.
According to regulations, "a person who is directed to return to Manitoba or Quebec shall promptly comply with the direction of the enforcement official."
This article's cover photo was used for illustrative purposes only.
Why You Need To Go: With incredible views, this terrasse recently opened atop the Humaniti building as part of the Humaniti Hotel. It's definitely going to be on Montrealers' must-do lists for summers to come.
"Quebec needs plasma donors," the sponsored post says. The caption reads: "Plasma donation changes the lives of thousands of Quebecers. Plan your visit to a donation centre near you."
Three months of abstinence
Beneath the non-profit organization's post are more than 400 comments. Some ask questions about the difference between plasma and blood (plasma is the liquid portion of blood), while others ask if vaccinated folks can give blood (yes, they can).
Then there are comments like this: "I would but I'm gay and you won't let me," "Then stop your prejudice of gay people" and "I'll think about it when they stop being homophobic entirely."
According to Héma-Québec, "a man whose last sexual contact with a man was 3 or more months ago can give plasma."
While this does not rule out gay donors, the three-month restriction does not apply to lesbians, men who have sex with women or women who have sex with men.
"I would totally donate blood, but I am a healthy gay man and you don't want me because of who I sleep with (even though I have been with the same partner for 21 years). Good luck with your antiquated rules, in an age where you can screen blood for HIV and other pathogens very very quickly. So there you go, do without, it's absolutely no loss on me. So now, stop advertising on my feed," wrote a Facebook user. He asked to be identified as "a member of Montreal's gay community" to protect his privacy.
"It's honestly ridiculous that they even still have this restriction. If women can sleep with men and donate no problem, then there is absolutely no reason why men who sleep with men (or, in your case, one man) should be denied. All of the donations are tested anyway," Gatineau resident Jami Tatlock replied.
On its website, Héma-Québec responds to the question, "Why must a homosexual couple in a stable relationship wait 3 months without having sex?" in order to donate blood.
"Sex can contribute to the propagation of viruses that may be transmitted to other individuals through blood transfusions. Héma-Québec uses a range of very rigorous screening tests. Despite the high performance of these tests, the risk of an infected blood donation going undetected, however slight, is not zero because of the sensitivity limitations of the tests," it says.
"For this reason, despite the use of screening tests, we exclude donors at high risk of infections that might be transmitted through blood."
Héma-Québec describes the three-month window as a period of risk or a "silent period" when people could be asymptomatic and test negative, despite being infected with HIV or Hepatitis. The three-month restriction also applies to people who have gotten piercings or tattoos.
Laurent Paul Ménard, Héma-Québec's media relations director, told MTL Blog the organization is working to make blood donation more inclusive as "scientific evidence becomes available and blood product safety is shown."
Ménard pointed out that, since 2013, Héma-Québec has submitted multiple requests asking Health Canada — which must approve all changes to donor eligibility criteria — to reduce the qualification criteria for men who have sex with men.
Between 1992 and 2013, a man who had sex with another man — even once — could never donate blood. In 2013, a man had to wait five years after having sex with another man to donate. In 2016, the deferral period was reduced to one year. And, in 2019, one year was reduced to three months.
A new behaviour-based approach
Ménard said Héma-Québec is planning to submit to Health Canada again to ask for a new approach that takes behaviour into account, based on a model recently adopted in the U.K.
Héma-Québec, he said, will ask Health Canada to allow some sexually active men who have one same-sex partner to donate without any restrictions.
In the meantime, some potential donors are left torn between doing good and standing up for what they believe is right.
"I am torn now between donating myself," Tatlock told MTL Blog. "I want to help people, but I also kind of want to hold off until they change their homophobic policies as a kind of protest."
According to Ménard, Héma-Québec will submit the request to Health Canada by the end of this year.
At a press conference on Wednesday, Minister of Justice Simon Jolin-Barrette and Minister Responsible for the Status of Women Isabelle Charest presented Bill 92, an act to move for "the creation of a specialized court in matters of sexual violence and domestic violence and relating to the training of judges in these matters."
"We no longer want people who are victims of sexual or domestic violence to hesitate to report and file a complaint in Quebec," Jolin-Barette said.
Dépôt du PL92 | Aujourd'hui, nous envoyons un message clair aux personnes victimes de violence sexuelles et de viol… https://t.co/VnMVx3iLQg
Jolin-Barrette insisted that "culture change is needed in the justice system and must happen."
The purpose of this special court on sexual and domestic violence, is, according to the minister, "to restore victims' confidence in the justice system, reduce delays and better meet the needs of victims with adapted and coordinated services."
The mandate comes out of 190 recommendations made in a report by a special government working group on sexual and domestic violence in Quebec, which was tabled last year.
"You can continue to count on the determination of the entire government [...] to make the necessary changes to better support the victims because I wish them to feel accompanied and respected in their process, to be prepared, and equipped during their testimony in court," said Charest.
If you require resources or assistance surrounding sexual assault in Quebec, the CAVAC helpline is available 24/7. Those who may need support can call 1-866-532-2822. Other crisis lines and 24/7 options can be found at The Lifeline Canada.