A press release from the minister's office says that university, college and CEGEP students will be able to benefit from group sessions and teaching activities "in the presence of others" several times a month, or "ideally" once per week.
We hope this stage is a first step toward a progressive and safe return to campuses.
Minister Danielle McCann
According to the ministry, classroom occupancy will be capped at 50% for theoretical courses.
There will be no occupancy limit for practical teaching activities, such as laboratories and evaluations, the press release says.
On-campus study groups and group projects can be carried out in groups of six students.
University student services can be offered both on-campus or remotely.
In classrooms, students must respect a 1.5-metre distance when seated. Two-metre social distancing will be strictly enforced for all other study situations, such as small working groups.
In both red and orange-zone post-secondary schools, masks will be mandatory at all times, with some exceptions, like during music courses that require singing and playing instruments, classes that require physical activity, or when students are eating.
Post-secondary schools will be required to put traffic control measures in place at all entrances and exits so as to avoid bottlenecks.
"It's fundamental that [...] students have [minimal] contact to succeed and to be in better mental health," McCann said.
"The series of adjustments we are announcing today will, I hope, allow you to break the isolation, breathe in the fresh air, and have the energy you need to continue or complete your education."
The 100,000 square-foot residence is designed specifically for 300 students, built with custom storage and a workstation in each room, along with two shared study rooms, colour schemes tailored to students' preferences and custom furniture by Werkliv.
Le Mildoré will be the tallest residential building in Montreal to be built of steel instead of concrete, and will only have bicycle parking. The temperature in each apartment will be controlled by a heating and cooling system that uses the building's water supply.
Rent will start at approximately $885 monthly per student, minus expenses.
Gender and sexuality identified as areas of difficulty
The school board passed a resolution at the end of March, banning the use of the n-word in its schools.
Testimony solicited from the public included accounts from both students and parents that shared their challenges and difficulties in LBPSB schools.
Through the accounts, the task force identified four major "recurring themes":
Gender stereotypes that dictate what is "appropriate" for boys and girls
Gender stereotypes that produce a "narrow understanding" of masculinity
Gender-based double standards
Bullying linked to gender and sexuality
The report found that schools' dress codes singled out girls by forbidding them from wearing spaghetti-strap tank tops, short shorts and crop tops, explicitly banning "clothing that is unnecessarily sexualised" and "skimpy or revealing clothing."
Parents offer accounts of sexism, racism, transphobia and homophobia
One parent said they raised their seven-year-old daughter without gendering her toys, but after attending first grade at an LBPSB school, she began to tell her parents that some toys were only for boys.
Another parent said, "My son loves the colors pink and purple, but he constantly tells me he doesn’t want to wear t-shirts in those colors to school because people have told him (other students) that those are girl colors."
Mothers of Black sons that attended LBPSB schools — which have a predominantly white student body, according to the report — said they felt their sons were being subjected to racism by teaching staff.
"One boy told his mother that his teacher just doesn’t like him because he’s Black [...] On one occasion in particular, the young man was suspended because the teacher said that she felt 'threatened' by him, however, the young man said that he didn’t do anything but ask why she was sending him down to the office," the report read.
The full report, including the Task Force's recommendations, is available here.
A gathering and march are planned in Montreal Thursday to "honour Indigenous children," "denounce genocide" and "demand justice" according to an Instagram post from Resilience Montreal. The event is part of the movement to #CancelCanadaDay.
The gathering will begin at Parc Jeanne-Mance at 2 p.m.
Indigenous children "were taken from their families and communities" and forced to "attend schools which were often located far from their homes," the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation states on its website.
There were at least 11 residential schools in Quebec.
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Residential schools were facilities run by churches and the Canadian federal government. Indigenous children "were taken from their families and communities" and forced to "attend schools which were often located far from their homes," the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation states on its website.
The Commission notes, however, that its list "excludes any school that operated without federal government support."
In addition to these 11 institutions, the Government of Canada also refers to Fort George Hostels on its own list of residential schools in the province.
When did Quebec's residential schools open?
According to the history of the residential school system compiled in the Commission's final report, there were only two residential schools in Quebec (both in Fort George) before the 1950s. However, four new schools opened between 1952 and 1963.
The Commission attributed this wave of residential school openings to "greater interest in developing the economic resources" in the province's "mid-North."
"To facilitate this development," the final report states, "Indian Affairs began to play a larger and more direct role in the lives of Aboriginal people in the region. Thisis included the relocating of some communities, the establishment of reserves, and the opening of residential schools."
Three of the residential schools that opened in Quebec in the mid-20th century closed in the '70s, according to the Commission.
The Pointe-Bleue residential school was active until 1991.