As Americans head to the polls to choose their next president, some are ready to just leave the country entirely. The return of the perennial promise from disgruntled Americans to move to Canada after the U.S. election raises the question: just how could they actually go about doing that?
Any U.S. citizen who assumes it's as simple as picking up and settling across the border will be disappointed.
"The most important thing to keep in mind is that nothing is quick and easy for these people who want to move to Canada," said Daniel Levy of the Montreal-based immigration law firm Campbell Cohen.
MTL Blog spoke with Levy about the programs available to Americans looking to immigrate to Canada.
Levy called Express Entry "the main permanent residence option for an individual who wants to immigrate to Canada on the basis of their human capital," or economic value.
For Americans with a Canadian spouse or common-law partner, there's also a family sponsorship program.
"But the quick option that we're actually seeing people take up more frequently now, pre-election," said Levy, "are the temporary options" defined by the Canada–United-States–Mexico Agreement (CUSMA).
"These typically are going to be the path that people would take if they're running out of the U.S."
There are several options, Levy explained.
The first allows U.S. citizens in a number of targeted professions to obtain work permits if they have "pre-arranged employment in Canada, or a service contract with a Canadian company," according to the Campbell Cohen website, CanadaVisa.com.
A second option involves an inter-company transfer across the border.
Third, says Levy, there's a program for investors.
"Buy an existing business, you show that you've invested a chunk of change in it, you can get a work permit to come in and work for your business."
And then there's Quebec, which, Levy explained, has its own immigration programs that "basically mirror the federal programs."
The Quebec Skilled Worker program is another points-based system "where you submit what's called an 'expression of interest' and you wait for an invitation to apply," he said.
The Quebec Experience Class, meanwhile, is, as its name might suggest, based on an applicant's experience in Quebec.
What's Levy's advice for an American who wants to move to Canada after the election?
"Take a big deep breath."
He underlined that the decision to move to Canada shouldn't be a hasty one.
"Explore your options thoroughly and make sure you understand what's available to you."
Those serious about immigration should "pursue it with eyes open, knowing exactly what the pros and cons are for each option," he said.
"There are many moving parts. Make sure to get a good immigration lawyer."
In a Twitter post, Minister of International Relations, Immigration, and Francization Nadine Girault said that "after having carried out quarantine in Toronto, the Afghan refugees bound for Quebec will be taken care of by the Government of Quebec."
Nous sommes en train d’organiser l'accueil sur le terrain avec les organismes partenaires chevronnés. Nous souhaito… https://t.co/MDDEqy8jj3
On August 13, the Canadian government announced that it will expand its resettlement program to resettle 20,000 Afghan refugees who are under threat from the Taliban.
The program will prioritize refugees from the most vulnerable groups, including "women leaders, human rights defenders, journalists, persecuted religious minorities, LGBTI individuals, and family members of previously resettled interpreters," as well as "government-supported and privately sponsored refugees, along with those sponsored by family already in Canada."
"We, the undersigned, demand that the Government of Quebec publicly reject, as of now, the idea of a mandatory vaccination passport and that it commit itself to do like the Governor of Florida, Ron DeSantis, has done, that is to say, prohibit the obligation to present a vaccination passport in order to attend certain events and practice certain activities," the petition states.
Samson, a former Coalition Avenir Québec member who switched sides in June, held a press conference about the petition alongside Conservative Party of Quebec leader Eric Duhaime on August 12. They explained that the party had already collected 133,000 signatures on a previous petition that did not meet the criteria of the National Assembly.
"We reviewed the wording [...] So we're going to ask these hundreds of thousands of people to re-sign their petition on the National Assembly website, and we're going to invite Quebecers who don't agree with the vaccine passport to come forward as well," Samson said.
The petition, which was posted to the National Assembly website on August 12, had garnered more than 75,000 signatures at the time this article was published.
Mary Simon's approval rating is lower in Quebec compared to the rest of Canada, a poll released Wednesday showed, because the new governor general can't speak French.
An Angus Reid Institute poll of 2,049 Canadians found only 49% of Quebecers approve of her appointment compared to 74% of respondents in the rest of the country.
"Despite being from Nunavik (the Inuit homeland in Northern Quebec), and having been awarded the [province's] highest distinction, many Quebecers remain unconvinced Mary Simon is the best choice for governor general due to her lack of fluency in French," stated the Angus Reid Institute.
"Support is cleaved along linguistic divides in the only majority Francophone province in Canada," it continued, as only 40% of Quebecers whose first language is French approve of her appointment compared to 81% of English speakers.
Though Simon, the country's first Indigenous governor general, is not currently fluent in French, she has promised to learn, Angus Reid stated.
A startling 46% of seafood samples sold in restaurants and grocery stores in four major Canadian cities were mislabelled, according to a report published Wednesday by the non-profit group Oceana Canada.
Often, low-cost knockoffs were pawned off as fancy fishes; out of a total of 94 samples, all 24 of butterfish, yellowtail and white tuna were mislabelled and over half of the samples labelled snapper was actually tilapia, "a much cheaper" fish.
Furthermore, there were 10 occasions where products labelled butterfish or tuna turned out to be escolar, a fish that "can cause acute gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting and nausea and is banned from sale in several countries," according to a news release.
Despite promises to tackle the issue, seafood fraud has been an ongoing problem in Canada. Oceana's multi-year DNA testing study found the Canadian city with the most fake fish was Montreal, where 52% of the samples were mislabelled, though Ottawa and Toronto did nearly as poorly, with mislabelling rates of 50% each.
Sayara Thurston, a seafood fraud campaigner, highlighted the need for better traceability systems to detect foul fish before they hit our dinner plates. "Buying fish shouldn't be a guessing game. Canadians deserve to have confidence in the seafood they eat."
This article's cover image was used for illustrative purposes only.